CONGENITAL DEFECTS – A WOLF’S WOLF, WHEN AND WHY (part 2)
POSSIBLE PROBLEMS IN THE FIRST THREE WEEKS
Genetic factors are responsible for the low percentage of deaths and other disorders in newborn puppies. Therefore, if you take into account the factors of genetics, proper feeding, hygiene and prevention, then you will increase your opportunities for normal, healthy and successful offspring.
First of all, starting with a healthy bitch is one of the guarantees for a healthy litter. Some medications or excess vitamin A received by the bitch during pregnancy have been reported to contribute to the appearance of a cleft palate, a decrease in the number of puppies in the litter, mummification of the fetus, a nervous system disorder, and developmental defects in the eyes, ears and heart of the puppies. If a pregnant female has been exposed to very high levels of Carbaryl insecticide (better known under the trade name Sevin), then the consequences may manifest as malformations of the gastrointestinal tract and sternocontdominal fissures; other insecticides can cause skeletal deformities in puppies. Be careful about using insecticides and your manufacturer will be safe. A friend of mine tragically treated his newly-born female with 10% Sevin powder (a concentration used against garden pests), instead of a 5% powder concentration (used against fleas and ticks). This killed her and all the puppies. In this case, the amount and time for using this insecticide was incorrectly selected.
Most of the deaths of newborn puppies during the first week are due to the negligence of the mother and her lack of milk. In part, this may also be due to the breeder’s negligence in hygiene and the prevention of infectious diseases. Based on statistics, we can say that only a little less than 3% of puppy deaths during the first week are due to a cleft palate. Such puppies undergo euthanasia on the second day or soon die of pneumonia themselves, due to the ingress of milk into the lungs.
Cleft lip is a crack in the front of the palate that passes through the center of the gum and the front lip to the nose (sometimes through it). This defect is caused by a violation of the development of the embryo at a slightly different time than the cleft palate. Sometimes, if the psycho-biochemical destruction lasted a little longer than an instant trauma, you can immediately find these two defects in one puppy. You may have met people with similar disabilities. Although in humans these defects are corrected by surgical methods, in dogs these efforts are not justified.