Pug is one of the oldest dog breeds. Most scientists agree that the ancestors of the pugs lived in the East more than three thousand years ago.
The earliest mention of pugs came to us from imperial China, where these bizarre dogs with a short muzzle and a folded forehead were undoubtedly popular, were dogs of nobility and lived in rich houses.With the development of trade relations with China, pugs have spread around the world. In 1864, one of the representatives of this breed was presented to the English Queen Victoria. After 20 years in England created the first club of pug lovers. Thanks to him, the selection process of this breed began, thanks to which it acquired modern standards.
Sizes, weight. Appearance
Knowledge of breed standards and the ability to assess the appearance of the parents of the future puppy can give an advantage when buying. Thus, you can approximately imagine the baby’s exterior when he grows up, and reduce the price of a puppy with deviations from the standards found, cull nurseries with a poor gene pool.
The pug’s body shape is square, the head is large, round in shape with a short muzzle, large eyes, a folded forehead and small ears. Pugs are referred to as brachycephals from the ancient Greek βραχύς – short and κεφαλή – head. The muzzle of representatives of such breeds is shortened in comparison with an ordinary dog, the jaw is poorly developed. The dog’s chest is wide, the back is straight, not sloping. Pugs have strong front and hind legs. They are not too short and set wide. The high-set tail is twisted into a tight curl that fits snugly to the back. The coat is smooth and short, looking shiny and soft to the touch. The color of the wool has varieties: fawn, silver, apricot and black. A characteristic feature is the presence of a black mask on the face, contrasting with the rest of the color.
• Male growth – 30–35 cm, weight 6–10 kg;
• Bitch is 25-30 cm tall and weighs 6-8 kg.
Character and habits
In the character of pugs, it is worth noting the kindness and endless devotion to the owner. These are intelligent animals that gladly fulfill the requests of the owner, but training is not their fad. Pugs – companion dogs, dog friends. Contrary to the belief that this breed is lazy, pugs are highly active in games and on walks, and in the absence of proper education, a pet can become a real tomboy. Usually, at the age of two to three years, activity decreases. It is at this age that you need to be especially attentive to their diet and not overfeed. The daily excess of calories that dogs will not waste during the game will certainly begin to be deposited in the form of excess fat mass.
The pug needs some care. Given the tendency to gain weight, daily walks are required 2 times a day for at least 1 hour. After the walk, you need to rinse the belly and paws of the pet.
It is necessary to comb the dog daily with a stiff brush, and wipe the eyes with a cotton swab with a special lotion or decoction of chamomile. Ear cleaning is carried out regularly.
Particular attention should be paid to the folds above the nose. They must be wiped with specialized lotions for skin care or weak antiseptic solutions (for example, chlorhexidine 0.05%). After wiping the folds, they must be wiped dry. It is very important not to allow prolonged exposure to moisture on the skin of the folds – this provokes the growth of pathogenic microflora and the development of dermatitis.
You need to bathe a pug, like any other dog, no more than once a month, because too frequent water procedures can negatively affect the skin of your pet. After bathing, be sure to wipe the dog dry with a towel.
Pugs are prone to some inherited diseases.
First of all, it is worth noting eye diseases. Among them: glaucoma, cataract, keratitis, it is often possible to meet exophthalmos – protruding the eyeball forward from the orbit. You should very carefully and on a daily basis examine the pet’s eyes and, if any slight abnormalities are found, consult a veterinarian.
In second place are pathologies of the skin and its integument. They are: intertrigo, juvenile dermatitis and allergic dermatitis. Pugs are also susceptible to pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract.
When feeding pugs, it is very important to take into account their tendency to gain excess fat mass and to correlate the amount of calories consumed with the energy expended.
Equally important is a balanced diet for the main nutrients, macro- and microelements and vitamins to maintain healthy skin. The high content of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids plays a key role in the nutritional support of healthy skin. If the animal is overweight, Purina® PRO PLAN® with OPTIWEIGHT will be a good solution. However, do not forget that in case of health problems, the pet must be shown to the veterinarian.