Pug breed standard
CARTRIDGE: United Kingdom.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL OF THE CURRENT STANDARD: 06.24.1987.
APPLICATION: companion dog.
* Group 9: decorative dogs and companion dogs.
* section 11: small molosses.* without working tests
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: There are many different versions regarding the origin of the breed, which most likely came from the East. The country of origin of pugs is China, where short-faced dogs have always been held in high esteem. Pugs arrived in Europe with Dutch merchants and became widespread in the Netherlands in the 1500s. Pug actually became a symbol of royal patriots.
Pugs arrived in England during the accession of William III to the throne. Until 1877, there were no other colors except fawn, but in the same year a black pair of pugs was brought from the East.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Obviously square and stocky, as if “a lot in the small”, expressed in the compactness of the form, good proportions and well-developed muscles. A pug is by no means short-legged, not thin-legged, not high-legged.
BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT: Extremely charming, self-respecting, smart. Balanced, cheerful, mobile.
HEAD: Relatively large and proportional to the body, voluminous, round, but not “apple-shaped”
Skull: Without indentations. Wrinkles on the forehead are pronounced, but not excessive.
Nose: Black with fairly large, well-open nostrils. Narrow nostrils and too large a fold over the nose are unacceptable, the score for this should be significantly reduced.
Muzzle: Quite short, blunt, square, not upturned. The nasal fold is not allowed to cover the eyes or nose and interfere with the dog.
Jaws / Teeth: Light snack. Wide lower jaw with incisors almost in a straight line. Misalignment of the jaw, teeth or tongue, visible with a closed mouth, is extremely undesirable. For this, the score should be significantly reduced.
Eyes: Dark, rather large, round in shape, with a gentle and attentive expression, very shiny, full of fire with emotional excitement. Protruding, overly large eyes are not allowed; when looking forward, the whites of the eyes should not be visible. There should be no obvious eye problems.
Ears: Thin, small, soft, like black velvet. Two varieties of forms: “rosettes” – small ears folded above the head, laid back so that the inner part of the ear is open; “buttons” – ears laid forward, with the tips pressed to the skull, covering the ear canal. Preference is given to the latter.
NECK: Slightly curved, resembling a crest, strong, thick, long enough to carry the head proudly.
CASE: Short and compact.
Top line: Flat, not hunchback, not sagging.
Chest: Broad, with well-curved ribs.
TAIL: Curled, set high, twisted as tight as possible, pressed to the hip. Double curl is more desirable.
Shoulder: With a good angle.
FOREQUARTERS: Very strong, straight, of moderate length, well set under the body.
HINDQUARTERS: Very strong, of moderate length, well set under the body, straight and parallel when viewed from the rear.
Knee: with well defined angles.
FEET: Not as long as a cleft paw, and not as round as a cat’s paw. The fingers are well separated, the claws are black.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: When viewed from the front, the forelimbs rise and fall, being strictly under the shoulder, the metacarpus looks directly, and does not turn outwards or inwards. Seen from the rear, the limbs move in the same way. Movement of the forelimbs – with a good strong swing, hind limbs – free, with a productive push. When viewed from the back, a swaying gait is characteristic. Purposeful and measured movements.
COAT: Thin, smooth, delicate, short and shiny, neither stiff nor fluffy.
COLOR: Silver, apricot, fawn and black. Each of these suits should be clearly expressed so that there is a contrast between the main color, the belt (a black stripe along the back from the occiput to the base of the tail) and the mask. Marks should be clearly marked. The muzzle, or mask, ears, warts on the cheekbones, a spot on the forehead in the form of a rhombus and a belt on the ridge should be as black as possible.
WEIGHT: Ideal weight 6.3–8.1 kg (14–18 pounds). Good condition should be achieved due to the developed muscles, which should not be confused with being overweight.
DISADVANTAGES: Any deviation from the above items is considered as a defect or vice depending on the severity and impact on the health or full existence of the dog.
– Aggressiveness or excessive cowardice.
– Any dog with obvious physical or behavioral abnormalities must be disqualified.
NOTE: Males must have two normally developed testes fully descended into the scrotum.