Pigment keratitis in pugs
The cornea is the transparent part of the anterior membrane of the eye that transmits light. Normal healthy cornea is transparent. Keratitis is a corneal disease in which usually transparent…

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Coconut oil in the diet of your pug
Coconut oil is a fantastic supplement to your dog’s diet. More and more people are discovering the amazing health benefits of unrefined coconut oil. For dogs, it has no less…

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Pug Obesity
Pugs are famous eaters who lick everything, to the last crumb. If you are going to have a bite to eat, then soon your nose will have a black nose,…

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TREATMENT OF PIGMENTAL KERATITIS.

An agent capable of completely reversing pigment keratitis does not exist. After the pigment covers the cornea, it becomes difficult to eliminate. As a prophylaxis and to reduce the amount of pigment, eye drops such as cyclosporin A (CSA) and tacrolimus should be used. Both of these drugs are immunomodulators, that is, they affect the response of the immune system to what is happening in the eye. How these drugs can affect corneal pigmentation is still unknown. Acceptance of drugs can continue throughout life. If the reception is stopped, then it is likely that the pigmentation will intensify. An additional advantage of these drugs is that they fight dry eyes (keratoconjunctivitis). Some elderly dogs have dry eye syndrome, which worsens the course of pigment keratitis. These drugs help with both diseases.

With pigment keratitis, other drugs can also be prescribed, including steroids, such as dexamethasone or prednisone. Steroids suppress the immune system, but they do not like cyclosporin or tacrolimus. Since steroids actively suppress the immune system, they are often associated with the appearance of an eye infection. Steroids may be given by injection into the conjunctiva of the eye.

Surgical pigment removal is not long-term effective as the stain returns quickly. Surgery of the eyelid can slow down the development of keratitis, due to which the inner corner of the lower eyelid ceases to cover the surface of the eye. To do this, surgical techniques such as medial cantoplasty, dissection of the medial cantal ligament, and Hotz-Celsus intervention are used.

A few words about colors
Pugs come in two colors - beige and black. Beige color can be of 2 types: silver deer and apricot deer. Silver-deer (“glitter of the moon”) is a pure deer…

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Puppy selection (part 3)
I won’t discover America if I say that children from champions and import manufacturers are expensive. Famous foreign kennels will not sell a puppy to a novice at all without…

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PUPPY SELECTION - THE PRICE IS IMPORTANT.
There is simply no one indifferent to this breed: a touching folded muzzle, delicate hair the color of coffee with milk and amazing eyes that cannot be denied. Seeing such…

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Pug is my little baby
I very often recall how I went to my grandmother in my childhood, and my sisters played with a small dog, with the ridiculous name of a pug. Then I…

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