Pug breed standard
ORIGIN: China. CARTRIDGE: United Kingdom. DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL OF THE CURRENT STANDARD: 06.24.1987. APPLICATION: companion dog. CLASSIFICATION FCI: * Group 9: decorative dogs and companion dogs. *…

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Health and Disease
Pugs are prone to brachycephalic syndrome. This is when the walls of the nostrils and the shape of the nose prevent the dog from breathing fully. The first signs of…

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About feeding
Pugs are unpretentious in food and are not averse to eating anything from the master's table. Ah, how hard it is to bear this begging look of a cat from…

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Pigment keratitis in pugs

The cornea is the transparent part of the anterior membrane of the eye that transmits light. Normal healthy cornea is transparent. Keratitis is a corneal disease in which usually transparent cells are filled with pigment. Pigment keratitis is the process of losing the transparency of the cornea and staining the cells brown. In foreign publications, the disease is called “pigmentary keratopathy”.

Pigment keratitis, in fact, resembles a thick layer of dirt on the windshield of a car. Rare mud spray cannot spoil the view, but if the entire glass (or cornea) is covered with dirt (or deposits of pigment), functional blindness occurs. Pigment keratitis is often found in pugs and other brachycephalic breeds. The reason why the amount of pigment begins to progress is not yet clear.
Dog eye chart, compiled by Dr. Carrie Bro test
CLINICAL PHOTOS OF PIGMENTAL KERATITIS
it looks like a healthy eye in a pug
In a healthy pug, the cornea of ​​the eye is clean, without pigmentation that interferes with vision. Please note that the cornea is absolutely clean, without pigmentation, damage, blood vessels, and the inside of the eye is clearly visible.

This pug suffered very little from pigment keratitis. Pay attention to the focus of pigment on the left (discoloration to brown) and traces of fibrosis (discoloration to gray). Pigment keratitis usually begins with the outer edge of the cornea and gradually progresses to the center.

Note that the pigment spreads closer to the center of the cornea, covering an increasingly large space. Eye drops were dripping on the dog in the photo, as a result of which there was reflection on the tapetal film (light reflected from the inside of the eye), giving a turquoise hue. This reflection does not contradict the norm.

The pigment has gained a strong density, it is almost impossible to see the inside of the eye. The vision of this dog is very affected.

Pay attention to the density of the pigment and the inability to examine the inside of the eye. The white spot in the left part of the photo is a reflection of the photographer’s hand. The vision of this dog is extremely affected.

Pug has come! (part 2)
The club is developing, perhaps not as fast as we would like, but it is definitely gaining strength and firmly moving towards its goals. If at the beginning of our…

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HEALING HERBS AND SPICES FOR YOUR DOG WITH NATURAL FEEDING.
Some herbs and spices are a great addition to your dog’s natural diet. They are rich in vitamins, minerals, have healing and prophylactic properties, which can have an excellent effect…

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Pug has come! (part 1)
A small, harmonious, tightly knit dog with a large head and a short wide muzzle. Above the small flattened black nose are large dark and talking eyes. Tail ringlet. These…

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Pug character
The pug has an excellent character, the dog is a kind and very sociable creature. He loves to play and have fun, while the dog is considered not very active.…

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