Why a pug?
There are many reasons why people are going to get a dog: a childhood dream, a fashion trend, a feeling of loneliness, a request from a child, a momentary desire, etc.
And very often very few people think about the characteristics of the breed.
And if attention is paid to the size (large or small) and the presence of a coat (smooth or shaggy), few people think about the nature of the future pet. Often a person is guided only by external signs: “like” – “dislike”.
As a rule, the result is on the face: A huge handsome St. Bernard does not want to be a ferocious watchman, and a small glamorous York, although a decorative dog, still remains a terrier with a curious disposition of a hunter and a gambling character in his heart.
Therefore, if you need a roomy, small and firmly knocked down dog, affectionate, funny, with dignity, so intellectual that it does not require special training, then you will not be mistaken if you choose – MOPSA.
So, a pug is a decorative breed of dog native to China.
In the course of history, a pug was called differently, and no one knows for sure where its name came from.
In the second half of the 16th century, the word “pag” (“pug” – the nickname of a monkey) became generally accepted in England. There is an opinion that the pug was dubbed so for its characteristic appearance – flattened like a monkey’s face. There is a hypothesis that “pug” is a transformed form of the word “puck” – an elf (prankster spirit), taken from Shakespeare’s play “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” and other ancient works.
Undoubtedly, the pug is characterized by the character of an elf.
There are several versions of the origin of the pug. According to one of them, a pug is a dwarf form of mastiffs. By the way, in Holland, where these little funny dogs got on the ships of the East India Company, the pug was called the Chinese mastiff.
According to the second version, pugs are a short-haired variety of Pekingese and Khin.
At home, the ancestors of the pug were widespread both in Buddhist monasteries and in the palace of the emperor.
During the Shang Dynasty (1766 – 1122 BC), pugs were not only home decoration, but were also used as hunting dogs. True, they were delivered to the place of hunting on special stretchers. (Now it becomes clear where modern pugs have such a craving for sleeping on pillows. The roots stretch from antiquity.)
These rare and inaccessible to ordinary people dogs were cared for and cherished. They enjoyed truly royal honors. They were assigned court titles and were given various decorations and clothes.
During the Han Dynasty (206 – 220 BC), the need to use pugs for hunting disappeared. It required a small dog for games and entertainment, which would fit in the sleeve. During this period, work is underway to reduce the size of the pug to miniature.
Pugs were considered a talisman that brings happiness and wealth. And in the folds on the forehead, resembling hieroglyphs, the ancients saw a certain divine meaning. The Chinese monarchs protected the pugs so much that taking them out of the country was considered a mortal sin.
And yet, when in the XVIth China established trade relations with European countries, pugs saw the world.
Once in the Netherlands, and then in England, these funny dogs quickly gained popularity around the world. It was in England that the pug finally formed as a breed that has survived to this day.